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单身并不难,难的是应付那些千方百计想让你结束单身的人 。

 
 
 

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英语学习笔记004(语法—代名词)  

2012-08-28 17:24:07|  分类: 学习笔记 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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一、人称代名词

 

主格

所有格

受格

主格

所有格

受格

第一人称

I

my

me

we

our

us

第二人称

you

your

you

you

your

you

第三人称

he

his

him

they

their

them

she

her

her

it

its

it

 

㈠主格、所有格、受格的用法

1、主格+动词

He likes sports.

2、所有格+名词

His friends are over there.

3、一般动词+受格/介系词+受格

The girl loves him very much.

Who is it?  It’s I./ It’s me.

 

it的用法

1、可表示天气、时间、距离等

It rains a lot in Taipei in spring.

It was two o’clock when he came back home.

It is five kilometers from here to the airport.

2、可表示某一状况,多半是说话的人及听的人都能了解的特定状况

AWho knocked at the door?

B:I thought it was Jack.

It’s all up to you. 一切由你决定。

I like it here. 我喜欢这里。

I don’t feel like it.  我不想。

3、可当做假主语,代替一件事

It is difficult to learn Spanish.

It is important that you should tell the truth.

It is no use telling him about it.

 

we/you/they的特殊用法

1We had a heavy rain yesterday.   昨天下了一场大雨。

2You don’t see many Chinese there.  在哪里看不到很多中国人。

3They speak English in Canada.  在加拿大是说英文。

 

㈣所有代名词=所有格+名词

1、所有代名词的形成

 

所有格

所有代名词

所有格

所有代名词

第一人称

my

mine

our

ours

第二人称

your

yours

your

yours

第三人称

his

his

their

theirs

her

hers

its

its

 

2、所有代名词的用法

Your house is bigger than mine.

My bicycles are here and his are there.

 

3、伴随双重所有格

冠词、所有格、指示形容词(thisthat等)、不定形容词(many等)不可同时放在名词前。

I met one of my old friends on the way home.

I met an old friend of mine on the way home.

 

名词的所有代名词=所有格

My dog is black,and Jason’s is white.

 

㈤反身代名词

第一、二人称=所有格+self/selves;第三人称=受格+ self/selves

第一人称

myself

ourselves

第二人称

yourself

yourselves

第三人称

himself

themselves

herself

itself

 

反身代名词的用法:主词、受词对象相同

You always talk to yourself.

The little girl hurt herself.

He can do it by himself. = He himself can do it.

 

二、指示代名词

1、指示人或事物的代名词:this(these)/that(those)

一般用法,用于人或事物。离说话人距离近用this(these);距离远者用that(those)

This is my mask, and that is Mary’s.

Who is this?(电话用语)

Things are easier these days.

 

代替用法:代替已叙述过的字。代替单数名词用that;代替复数名词用those

The weather in Taipei is cooler than that in Kaoxiong.

Her interests are different from those of her childhood.

 

2so作为动词的受词或补语,指前面出现过的字或句子。

A:Will it be fine tomorrow?

B:I hope so. = I hope that it will be fine tomorrow.

Nancy can play the violin, and so can I.

She is smart. So she is. 她的确如此。

She is smart. So is he. 他也是。

 

3such有“那样的事物或人”之意,可当代名词,形容词,也可用于单、复数。

They will plant flowers such as roses, sunflowers.

I don’t know such a man.

Have you tasted any such food before?

such前可接all/other/another/any/few/every/no等。

 

4same:一般前面都加the,表示“相同的事或物”之意。

A:Can I have a cup of coffee, please?

B:Give me the same, please.

 

三、不定代名词

不特定的人或物,非一定数量的代名词。

Some of the boys like English. 这一些男孩喜欢英文。

Some boys like English.  有些男孩喜欢英文。

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